Oh readers, if only you could see me now. You’d be looking at a guy with three day stubble on his face, a pile of junk food in his stomach and a half-finished WordPress website sitting on his hard drive starting a daunting article for MakeUseOf that he has avoided for several hours. You’d be looking at a guy who managed to set up a local host on his PC, uploaded WordPress to it and developed a site as though it was live on the internet.
I’ve been doing quite a few posts about blogging lately but this one take a step outside the amateur “˜how-to’s I’ve done like the one about improving your Blogger blog. This article is inspired by the website I’m building that’s due to be launched in a month or so – and it’s not for tech newbies, this guide.
Many of us have personal blogs or blogs that make us a second income. And we don’t want to go upsetting our readers by coding and developing them on the Internet. Imagine if every time you visited MUO there were design changes, buggy issues or features constantly being moved about and deleted!
So developing your WordPress blog offline is the best option because you don’t interrupt readership (assuming the blog is online already and you’re simply updating), you don’t have to upload pictures and media and you can view your blog easily without it being live on the internet for everyone to see you shoddy design work. The easiest way to do this is to learn how how to install WordPress locally. This is done by creating a host on your PC which acts like a host on the Internet such as GoDaddy.
First of all, to set up a blog offline you have to download some PHP Hosting software. There are several well-known options but I’ve gone for XAMPP because I found I had the least hassle with it. You can download it here from SourceForge. Once you have downloaded and installed it like you would any other piece of software, open it up from the “˜All Programs’ menu. The window shown below will appear.
Beside Apache and MySQL, select “˜Start’ so that they are both running like in the screenshot. Now, your local host is up and running and is available to be prepared to accept WordPress. First however, we must make a database for WordPress to be saved in on the host.
To do this open your browser and enter “˜http://localhost/’ into the address bar. This will bring you to the screen shown above. From the menu bar on the left, select phpMyAdmin as illustrated.
In the center of the screen is the section where you create a new data base. Name your server and select collation from the dropdown menu if it’s not already selected. In the second dropdown menu select “˜uft8_unicode_ci’. I cannot emphasise how crucial it is that you do not overlook this. It is not selected as default so ensure you have it selected. It’s the last one in the list. Without it, the host won’t communicate with WordPress and you’re in a world of problems my friends – if you can’t tell I’m talking from experience. I spend an hour yesterday trying to figure out what the problem was!
Once your server is created you’re ready to embark on the world-famous “˜Wordpress five minute install’ and finally set up your blog. Download WordPress from here. When you have the .zip file, extract its contents to this location:
Your final folder structure should look like this:
If it doesn’t, open the XAMPP program file and drag the extracted WordPress file into it manually. It must be in there in order for your newly created database to detect it. Then, edit this file using Notepad:
Scroll down to the part where it asks for database name, username, password etc.. Fill in the details below:
DBNAME: *whatever name you gave to your database*
Password: “˜ ‘ (This should just be left as two opposing apostrophes)
Then, save the file as wp-config.php instead of the original wp-config-sample.php.
Now, open your browser and enter in the following URL:
This will take you into the WordPress installation just like you were online. Remember, when you’re returning to your PC to do more coding ensure you have Apache and MySQL turned on – otherwise http://localhost/ won’t exist!
Oh and now a health warning: Coding and toying with WordPress is addictive. Prolonged exposure may cause excessive caffeine consumption, personal hygiene and grooming to go out the window, social commitments to follow and a truly awesome WordPress site ready to go live.